Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #5457: phos (pronounced foce)

from an obsolete phao (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare 5316, 5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative):--fire, light.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) light

1a) the light

1a1) emitted by a lamp

1a2) a heavenly light such as surrounds angels when they appear on earth

1b) anything emitting light

1b1) a star

1b2) fire because it is light and sheds light

1b3) a lamp or torch

1c) light, i.e brightness

1c1) of a lamp

2) metaphorically

2a) God is light because light has the extremely delicate, subtle, pure, brilliant quality

2b) of truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity associated with it

2c) that which is exposed to the view of all, openly, publicly

2d) reason, mind

2d1) the power of understanding especially moral and spiritual truth

Part of Speech: noun neuter

Relation: from an obsolete phao (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays, compare G5316, G5346)

Citing in TDNT: 9:310, 1293


This word is used 70 times:

Matthew 4:16: "darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region"
Matthew 4:16: "and shadow of death light is sprung up."
Matthew 5:14: "Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set"
Matthew 5:16: "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see"
Matthew 6:23: "If therefore the light that is in thee be"
Matthew 10:27: "darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in"
Matthew 17:2: "white as the light."
Mark 14:54: "servants, and warmed himself at the fire."
Luke 2:32: " A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people"
Luke 8:16: "they which enter in may see the light."
Luke 11:35: "Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be"
Luke 12:3: "darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken"
Luke 16:8: "than the children of light."
Luke 22:56: "as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said,"
John 1:4: "life was the light of men."
John 1:5: "And the light shineth in darkness; and the"
John 1:7: "bear witness of the Light, that all men through him"
John 1:8: "He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of"
John 1:8: "was sent to bear witness of that Light."
John 1:9: "That was the true Light, which lighteth every man"
John 3:19: "the condemnation, that light is come into the world,"
John 3:19: "darkness rather than light, because their deeds were"
John 3:20: "evil hateth the light, neither cometh to"
John 3:20: "neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds"
John 3:21: "cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest,"
John 5:35: "to rejoice in his light."
John 8:12: "I am the light of the world: he that followeth me"
John 8:12: "but shall have the light of life."
John 9:5: "the world, I am the light of the world."
John 11:9: "because he seeth the light of this world."
John 11:10: "because there is no light in him."
John 12:35: "while is the light with you. Walk while"
John 12:35: "while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you:"
John 12:36: "While ye have light, believe in the light, that"
John 12:36: "believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light."
John 12:36: "that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and"
John 12:46: "I am come a light into the world, that whosoever"
Acts 9:3: "suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven:"
Acts 12:7: "of the Lord came upon him, and a light shined in the prison:"
Acts 13:47: "us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be"
Acts 16:29: "Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before"
Acts 22:6: "from heaven a great light round about me."
Acts 22:9: "saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but"
Acts 22:11: "the glory of that light, being led by the hand of them that were with me,"
Acts 26:13: "I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the"
Acts 26:18: "them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan"
Acts 26:23: "that should rise from the dead, and should show light unto the people, and"
Romans 2:19: "art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness,"
Romans 13:12: "let us put on the armor of light."
2 Corinthians 4:6: "For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath"

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