Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #8104: shamar (pronounced shaw-mar')

a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.:--beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon:



1) to keep, guard, observe, give heed

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to keep, have charge of

1a2) to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life

1a2a) watch, watchman (participle)

1a3) to watch for, wait for

1a4) to watch, observe

1a5) to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)

1a6) to keep (within bounds), restrain

1a7) to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)

1a8) to keep, preserve, protect

1a9) to keep, reserve

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be on one' s guard, take heed, take care, beware

1b2) to keep oneself, refrain, abstain

1b3) to be kept, be guarded

1c) (Piel) to keep, pay heed

1d) (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

Part of Speech: verb

Relation: a primitive root


This word is used 468 times:

Joshua 6:18: "And ye, in any wise keep yourselves from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed, when ye take"
Joshua 10:18: "and set men by it for to keep"
Joshua 22:2: "And said unto them, Ye have kept all that Moses"
Joshua 22:3: "unto this day, but have kept the charge of the commandment of the LORD"
Joshua 22:5: "But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which"
Joshua 22:5: "and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all"
Joshua 23:6: "Be ye therefore very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the book"
Joshua 23:11: "Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God."
Joshua 24:17: "those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way"
Judges 1:24: " And the spies saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Show"
Judges 2:22: "Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk"
Judges 2:22: "to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not."
Judges 7:19: "and they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and broke"
Judges 13:4: "Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat"
Judges 13:13: "that I said unto the woman let her beware."
Judges 13:14: "any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe."
1 Samuel 1:12: "before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth."
1 Samuel 2:9: " He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength"
1 Samuel 7:1: "and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD."
1 Samuel 9:24: "thee, and eat: for unto this time hath it been kept for thee since I said, I have invited the people. So Saul"
1 Samuel 13:13: "Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God,"
1 Samuel 13:14: "his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded"
1 Samuel 17:20: "the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse"
1 Samuel 17:22: "his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came"
1 Samuel 19:2: "to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself:"
1 Samuel 19:11: "unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's"
1 Samuel 21:4: "there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women."
1 Samuel 25:21: "had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this"
1 Samuel 26:15: "in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for"
1 Samuel 26:16: "to die, because ye have not kept your master, the LORD's anointed."
1 Samuel 28:2: "David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head forever."
1 Samuel 30:23: "that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came"
2 Samuel 11:16: "And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah"
2 Samuel 15:16: "ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house."
2 Samuel 16:21: "concubines, which he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear"
2 Samuel 18:12: "thee and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the young man Absalom."
2 Samuel 20:3: "his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward,"
2 Samuel 20:10: "But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote"
2 Samuel 22:22: "For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God."
2 Samuel 22:24: "I was also upright before him and have kept myself from mine iniquity."
2 Samuel 22:44: "Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people"
2 Samuel 23:5: "covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all"
1 Kings 2:3: " And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep"
1 Kings 2:3: "thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies,"
1 Kings 2:4: "me, saying, If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before"
1 Kings 2:43: "Why then hast thou not kept the oath of the LORD, and the commandment that"
1 Kings 3:6: "and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness,"
1 Kings 3:14: "And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father"
1 Kings 6:12: "in my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments to walk"
1 Kings 8:23: "above, or on earth beneath, who keepest covenant and mercy"

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