Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #8104: shamar (pronounced shaw-mar')

a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.:--beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon:



1) to keep, guard, observe, give heed

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to keep, have charge of

1a2) to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life

1a2a) watch, watchman (participle)

1a3) to watch for, wait for

1a4) to watch, observe

1a5) to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)

1a6) to keep (within bounds), restrain

1a7) to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)

1a8) to keep, preserve, protect

1a9) to keep, reserve

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be on one' s guard, take heed, take care, beware

1b2) to keep oneself, refrain, abstain

1b3) to be kept, be guarded

1c) (Piel) to keep, pay heed

1d) (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

Part of Speech: verb

Relation: a primitive root


This word is used 468 times:

Hosea 4:10: "increase: because they have left off to take heed to the LORD."
Hosea 12:6: "Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment, and wait on"
Hosea 12:12: "served for a wife, and for a wife he kept"
Hosea 12:13: "Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved."
Amos 1:11: "and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath forever:"
Amos 2:4: "the law of the LORD, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after"
Jonah 2:8: " They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy."
Micah 6:16: "For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk"
Micah 7:5: "in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth"
Zechariah 3:7: "thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also"
Zechariah 3:7: "my house, and shalt also keep my courts, and I will give thee places to walk"
Zechariah 11:11: "and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it was the word"
Malachi 2:7: "For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth:"
Malachi 2:9: "the people, according as ye have not kept my ways, but have been partial"
Malachi 2:15: "That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife"
Malachi 2:16: "saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously."
Malachi 3:7: "of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto"
Malachi 3:14: "and what profit is it that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully"

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