This passage's main ideas are that, first, God's plan is focused on Israel through the fulfillment of the promises, and second, that the Israelites are thus God's primary agents for bringing His plan to pass, particularly the house of David and its greatest scion, Jesus of Nazareth. God will sometimes use Gentiles, but he predominantly employs Israelites to drive affairs along in His plan.
John W. Ritenbaugh
Why Israel? (Part One)
These scriptures focus on the Branch as King, descending from David, making righteous judgments, ruling, and causing peace and security. Thus Revelation 19:16 calls Him, "KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS."
Richard T. Ritenbaugh
Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Jeremiah 33:17:
2 Samuel 7:11-16
2 Kings 17:6
1 Chronicles 22:10