The preceding exhortation to a life of labor in the sight of God is now addressed especially to the active and the young; and is enforced by another consideration, namely, the transitory character of all that sustains youth.
The light ... the sun - Gifts of God which cheer man' s toil, but which he almost ceases to appreciate in his old age.
Days of darkness - The time of old age, and perhaps any time of sorrow or misfortune. Compare Ecclesiastes 12:2.
All that cometh - i. e., "The future," which must not be reckoned on by the active man, as if his present state of healthy energy were to continue.
Rejoice ... cheer ... walk - The imperative mood is used to encourage one who possesses certain gifts from God to remember that they come from God and are to be used in accordance with His will.
In the ways ... - The words are probably used in an innocent sense Ecclesiastes 2:10; Proverbs 16:9.
Judgment - This includes a judgment beyond the grave; though the writer' s view of it was dim and indefinite if compared with Christian' s.
The sense appears to be, "Let the timely recollection of God' s judgment, and of the fleeting character of youth, so influence your conduct that you will refrain from acts which entail future remorse and pain."
Other Barnes' Notes entries containing Ecclesiastes 11:9:
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