Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown
appearance . . . of horses— (Revelation 9:7). Not literal, but figurative locusts. The fifth trumpet, or first woe, in the parallel passage (Revelation 9:1-11), cannot be literal: for in Revelation 9:11 it is said, "they had a king over them, the angel of the bottomless pit"—in the Hebrew, Abaddon ("destroyer"), but in the Greek, Apollyon—and (Revelation 9:7) "on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men." Compare Joel 2:11, "the day of the Lord . . . great and very terrible"; implying their ultimate reference to be connected with Messiah's second coming in judgment. The locust's head is so like that of a horse that the Italians call it cavalette. Compare Job 39:20, "the horse . . . as the grasshopper," or locust.
run—The locust bounds, not unlike the horse's gallop, raising and letting down together the two front feet.
Other Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown entries containing Joel 2:4:
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