Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown
His prayer is partly descriptive and precatory, partly eucharistical. Jonah incorporates with his own language inspired utterances familiar to the Church long before in Jonah 2:2, Psalms 120:1; in Jonah 2:3, Psalms 42:7; in Jonah 2:4, Psalms 31:22; in Jonah 2:5, Psalms 69:1; in Jonah 2:7, Psalms 142:3; Psalms 18:6; in Jonah 2:8, Psalms 31:6; in Jonah 2:9, Psalms 116:17-18, and Psalms 3:8. Jonah, an inspired man, thus attests both the antiquity and inspiration of the Psalms. It marks the spirit of faith, that Jonah identifies himself with the saints of old, appropriating their experiences as recorded in the Word of God (Psalms 119:50). Affliction opens up the mine of Scripture, before seen only on the surface.
out of the belly of hell—Sheol, the unseen world, which the belly of the fish resembled.
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