Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown
Which indeed is the least of all seeds—not absolutely, but popularly and proverbially, as in Luke 17:6, "If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed," that is, "never so little faith."
but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs—not absolutely, but in relation to the small size of the seed, and in warm latitudes proverbially great.
and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof—This is added, no doubt, to express the amplitude of the tree. But as this seed has a hot, fiery vigor, gives out its best virtues when bruised, and is grateful to the taste of birds, which are accordingly attracted to its branches both for shelter and food, is it straining the parable, asks TRENCH, to suppose that, besides the wonderful growth of His kingdom, our Lord selected this seed to illustrate further the shelter, repose and blessedness it is destined to afford to the nations of the world?
The Leaven (Matthew 13:33).
Let both grow together—that is, in the visible Church.
until the harvest—till the one have ripened for full salvation, the other for destruction. (See on Matthew 13:39).
and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers—(See on Matthew 13:39).
Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them—"in the fire" (Matthew 13:40).
but gather the wheat into my barn—Christ, as the Judge, will separate the two classes (as in Matthew 25:32). It will be observed that the tares are burned before the wheat is housed; in the exposition of the parable (Matthew 13:41, Matthew 13:43) the same order is observed: and the same in Matthew 25:46 —as if, in some literal sense, "with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the reward of the wicked" (Psalms 91:8).
Third and Fourth Parables or Second Pair:
THE MUSTARD SEED and THE LEAVEN (Matthew 13:31-33).
The subject of both these parables, as of the first pair, is the same, but under a slight diversity of aspect, namely—
THE GROWTH OF THE KINGDOM FROM THE SMALLEST BEGINNINGS TO ULTIMATE UNIVERSALITY.
The Mustard Seed (Matthew 13:31-32).
But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way—(See on Matthew 13:38-39).
Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field—Happily for us, these exquisite parables are, with like charming simplicity and clearness, expounded to us by the Great Preacher Himself. Accordingly, we pass to: Matthew 13:36-38. See on Matthew 13:36; Matthew 13:38
Other Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown entries containing Matthew 13:32:
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