Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown
given to the Son, etc.—Does this refer to the essential life of the Son before all time (John 1:4) (as most of the Fathers, and OLSHAUSEN, STIER, ALFORD, etc., among the moderns), or to the purpose of God that this essential life should reside in the Person of the Incarnate Son, and be manifested thus to the world? [CALVIN, LUCKE, LUTHARDT, etc.] The question is as difficult as the subject is high. But as all that Christ says of His essential relation to the Father is intended to explain and exalt His mediatorial functions, so the one seems in our Lord's own mind and language mainly the starting-point of the other.
The hour cometh—in its whole fulness, at Pentecost.
and now is—in its beginnings.
the dead—the spiritually dead, as is clear from John 5:28. Here He rises from the calmer phrase "hearing his word" (John 5:24), to the grander expression, "hearing the voice of the Son of God," to signify that as it finds men in a dead condition, so it carries with it a resurrection-power.
shall live—in the sense of John 5:24.
Other Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown entries containing John 5:26:
1 Timothy 6:16
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