Robertson's Word Pictures (NT)
Thrice was I beaten with rods (triv errabdisqhn). Roman (Gentile) punishment. It was forbidden to Roman citizens by the Lex Porcia, but Paul endured it in Philippi (Acts 16:23, Acts 16:37), the only one of the three named in Acts. First aorist passive of rabdizw, from rabdov, rod, Koin‚ word, in N.T. only here and Acts 16:22 which see.
Once was I stoned (apac eliqasqhn). Once for all apac means. At Lystra (Acts 14:5-19). On liqazw Koin‚ verb from liqov, see on Acts 5:26.
Thrice I suffered shipwreck (triv enauaghsa). First aorist active of nauagew, from nauagov, shipwrecked (nauv, ship, agnumi, to break). Old and common verb, in N.T. only here and I Timothy 1:19. We know nothing of these. The one told in Acts 27 was much later. What a pity that we have no data for all these varied experiences of Paul.
Night and day (nuxqhmeron) Rare word. Papyri give nukthmar with the same idea (night-day).
Have I been in the deep (en tw buqw pepoihka). Vivid dramatic perfect active indicative of poiew, "I have done a night and day in the deep." The memory of it survives like a nightmare. Buqov is old word (only here in N.T.) for bottom, depth of the sea, then the sea itself. Paul does not mean that he was a night and day under the water, not a Jonah experience, only that he was far out at sea and shipwrecked. This was one of the three shipwrecks-already named.
Other Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) entries containing 2 Corinthians 11:25:
1 Timothy 1:19
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