Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown
He resumes the subject begun at I Timothy 1:3. The conclusion (apodosis) to the foregoing, "as I besought thee . . . charge" (I Timothy 1:3), is here given, if not formally, at least substantially.
This charge—namely, "that thou in them (so the Greek) mightest war," that is, fulfil thy high calling, not only as a Christian, but as a minister officially, one function of which is, to "charge some that they teach no other doctrine" (I Timothy 1:3).
I commit—as a sacred deposit (I Timothy 6:20; II Timothy 2:2) to be laid before thy hearers.
according to—in pursuance of; in consonance with.
the prophecies which went before on thee—the intimations given by prophets respecting thee at thy ordination, I Timothy 4:14 (as, probably, by Silas, a companion of Paul, and "a prophet," Acts 15:32). Such prophetical intimation, as well as the good report given of Timothy by the brethren (Acts 16:2), may have induced Paul to take him as his companion. Compare similar prophecies as to others: Acts 13:1-3, in connection with laying on of hands; Acts 11:28; Acts 21:10-11; compare I Corinthians 12:10; I Corinthians 14:1; Ephesians 4:11. In Acts 20:28, it is expressly said that "the Holy Ghost had made them (the Ephesian presbyters) overseers." CLEMENT OF ROME [Epistle to the Corinthians], states it was the custom of the apostles "to make trial by the Spirit," that is, by the "power of discerning," in order to determine who were to be overseers and deacons in the several churches planted. So CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA says as to the churches near Ephesus, that the overseers were marked out for ordination by a revelation of the Holy Ghost to St. John.
by them—Greek, "in them"; arrayed as it were in them; armed with them.
warfare—not the mere "fight" (I Timothy 6:12; II Timothy 4:7), but the whole campaign; the military service. Translate as Greek, not "a," but "the good warfare."
Other Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown entries containing 1 Timothy 1:18:
1 Corinthians 4:17
1 Corinthians 12:10
2 Corinthians 1:1
1 Timothy 1:3
1 Timothy 1:5
1 Timothy 2:1
1 Timothy 4:14
1 Timothy 6:12
1 Timothy 6:20-21
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