Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown
Adam was not deceived—as Eve was deceived by the serpent; but was persuaded by his wife. Genesis 3:17, "hearkened unto . . . voice of . . . wife." But in Genesis 3:13, Eve says, "The serpent beguiled me." Being more easily deceived, she more easily deceives [BENGEL], (II Corinthians 11:3). Last in being, she was first in sin—indeed, she alone was deceived. The subtle serpent knew that she was "the weaker vessel" (I Peter 3:7). He therefore tempted her, not Adam. She yielded to the temptations of sense and the deceits of Satan; he, to conjugal love. Hence, in the order of God's judicial sentence, the serpent, the prime offender, stands first; the woman, who was deceived, next; and the man, persuaded by his wife, last (Genesis 3:14-19). In Romans 5:12, Adam is represented as the first transgressor; but there no reference is made to Eve, and Adam is regarded as the head of the sinning race. Hence, as here, I Timothy 2:11, in Genesis 3:16, woman's "subjection" is represented as the consequence of her being deceived.
being deceived—The oldest manuscripts read the compound Greek verb for the simple, "Having been seduced by deceit": implying how completely Satan succeeded in deceiving her.
was in the transgression—Greek, "came to be in the transgression": became involved in the existing state of transgression, literally, "the going beyond a command"; breach of a positive precept (Romans 4:15).
Other Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown entries containing 1 Timothy 2:14:
1 Timothy 2:1
1 Timothy 2:15
1 Peter 3:1
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