Robertson's Word Pictures (NT)
Looking unto (aforwntev eiv). Present active participle of aforaw, old verb to look away, "looking away to Jesus." In N.T. only here and Philippians 2:23. Fix your eyes on Jesus, after a glance at "the cloud of witnesses," for he is the goal. Cf. Moses in Hebrews 11:26 (apeblepen).
The author (ton arxhgon). See Hebrews 2:10 for this word. "The pioneer of personal faith" (Moffatt).
Perfecter (teleiwthn). A word apparently coined by the writer from teleiow as it has been found nowhere else. Vulgate has consummator.
For the joy (anti thv xarav). Answering to, in exchange for (verse Hebrews 12:16), at the end of the race lay the joy "set before him" (prokeimenhv autw), while here was the Cross (stauron) at this end (the beginning of the race) which he endured (upemeinen, aorist active indicative of upomenw),
despising shame (aisxunhv katafronhsav). The cross at his time brought only shame (most shameful of deaths, "yea, the death of the cross" Philippians 2:8). But Jesus despised that, in spite of the momentary shrinking from it, and did his Father's will by submitting to it.
Hath sat down (kekaqiken). Perfect active indicative of kaqizw, and still is there (Hebrews 1:3).
Other Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) entries containing Hebrews 12:2:
1 Corinthians 2:8
1 Peter 1:9
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