(e.g. john 8 32)

James 4:4  (Young's Literal Translation)

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James 4:4

Ye adulteresses (moixalidev). Moixoi kai (ye adulterers) is spurious (Syrian text only). The feminine form here is a common late word from the masculine moixoi. It is not clear whether the word is to be taken literally here as in Romans 7:3, or figuratively for all unfaithful followers of Christ (like an unfaithful bride), as in II Corinthians 11:1 f.; Ephesians 5:24-28 (the Bride of Christ). Either view makes sense in this context, probably the literal view being more in harmony with the language of verses James 4:2 f. In that case James may include more than Christians in his view, though Paul talks plainly to church members about unchastity (Ephesians 5:3-5).

Enmity with God (exqra tou qeou). Objective genitive qeou with exqra (predicate and so without article), old word from exqrov, enemy (Romans 5:10), with eiv qeon (below and Romans 8:7).

Whosoever therefore would be (ov ean oun boulhqh). Indefinite relative clause with ov and modal ean and the first aorist passive (deponent) subjunctive of boulomai, to will (purpose).

A friend of the world (filov tou kosmou). Predicate nominative with infinitive einai agreeing with ov. See James 2:23 for filov qeou (friend of God).

Maketh himself (kaqistatai). Present passive (not middle) indicative as in James 3:6, "is constituted," "is rendered."

An enemy of God (exqrov tou qeou). Predicate nominative and anarthrous and objective genitive (qeou).

Other Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) entries containing James 4:4:

Matthew 12:39
James 1:19
James 2:5
James 2:10
2 Peter 2:14
1 John 2:15


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