Robertson's Word Pictures (NT)
Who is the faithful witness (o martuv o pistov). "The witness the faithful," nominative in apposition like prwtotokov and arxwn with the preceding ablative Ihsou Xristou with apo, a habit of John in this book (apparently on purpose) as in Revelation 2:13, Revelation 2:20; Revelation 3:12, etc. See this same phrase in Revelation 2:13; Revelation 3:14. The use of martuv of Jesus here is probably to the witness (Revelation 1:1) in this book (Revelation 22:16 f.), not to the witness of Jesus before Pilate (I Timothy 6:13).
The first-born of the dead (o prwtotokov twn nekrwn). A Jewish Messianic title ( 88:28) and as in Colossians 1:18 refers to priority in the resurrection to be followed by others. See Luke 2:7 for the word.
The ruler of the kings of the earth (o arxwn twn basilewn thv ghv). Jesus by his resurrection won lordship over the kings of earth (Revelation 17:14; Revelation 19:16), what the devil offered him by surrender (Matthew 4:8 f.).
Unto him that loveth us (tw agapwnti hmav). Dative of the articular present (not aorist agaphsanti) active participle of agapaw in a doxology to Christ, the first of many others to God and to Christ (Revelation 1:6; Revelation 4:11; Revelation 5:9, Revelation 5:12 f.; Revelation 7:10, Revelation 7:12, etc.). For the thought see John 3:16.
Loosed (lusanti). First aorist active participle of luw (Aleph A C), though some MSS. (P Q) read lousanti (washed), a manifest correction. Note the change of tense. Christ loosed us once for all, but loves us always.
By his blood (en tw aimati autou). As in Revelation 5:9. John here as in the Gospel and Epistles states plainly and repeatedly the place of the blood of Christ in the work of redemption.
Other Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) entries containing Revelation 1:5:
DISCLAIMER: Church of the Great God (CGG) provides these resources to aid the individual in studying the Bible. However, it is up to the individual to "prove all things, and hold fast to that which is good" (I Thessalonians 5:21). The content of these resources does not necessarily reflect the views of CGG. They are provided for information purposes only.