These be the words which Moses spake - The five first verses of this chapter contain the introduction to the rest of the book: they do not appear to be the work of Moses, but were added probably either by Joshua or Ezra.
On this side Jordan - beeber , at the passage of Jordan, i. e., near or opposite to the place where the Israelites passed over after the death of Moses. Though eber is used to signify both on this side and on the other side, and the connection in which it stands can only determine the meaning; yet here it signifies neither, but simply the place or ford where the Israelites passed over Jordan.
In the plain - That is, of Moab; over against the Red Sea - not the Red Sea, for they were now farther from it than they had been: the word sea is not in the text, and the word suph , which we render red, does not signify the Red Sea, unless joined with yam , sea; here it must necessarily signify a place in or adjoining to the plains of Moab. Ptolemy mentions a people named Sophonites, that dwelt in Arabia Petraea, and it is probable that they took their name from this place; but see the note from Lightfoot, Numbers 20 (note), at the end.
Paran - This could not have been the Paran which was contiguous to the Red Sea, and not far from Mount Horeb; for the place here mentioned lay on the very borders of the promised land, at a vast distance from the former.
Dizahab - The word should be separated, as it is in the Hebrew, Di Zahab . As Zahab signifies gold, the Septuagint have translated it , the gold mines; and the Vulgate ubi aurum est plurimum , where there is much gold. It is more likely to be the name of a place.
Other Adam Clarke entries containing Deuteronomy 1:1:
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