See Deuteronomy 6:10 note.
Their groves - Render, their idols of wood: the reference is to the wooden trunk used as a representation of Ashtaroth; see Deuteronomy 7:13 and Exodus 34:13 note.
The fewest of all people - God chose for Himself Israel, when as yet but a single family, or rather a single person, Abraham; though there were already numerous nations and powerful kingdoms in the earth. Increase Deuteronomy 1:10; Deuteronomy 10:22 had taken place because of the very blessing of God spoken of in Deuteronomy 7:8.
Repayeth them that hate him to their face - i. e., punishes His enemies in their own proper persons.
Other Barnes' Notes entries containing Deuteronomy 7:5:
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