The narrative concerning - Abishag, the Shunammite (see the margin reference "a" ), is introduced as necessary for a proper understanding of Adonijah' s later history (see I Kings 2:13-25.) But even as it stands, it heightens considerably the picture drawn of the poor king' s weak and helpless condition, of which Adonijah was not ashamed to take advantage for his own aggrandizement. Adonijah was born while David reigned at Hebron, and was therefore now between thirty-three and forty years of age. He was David' s fourth son, but had probably become the eldest by the death of his three older brothers. He claimed the crown by right of primogeniture I Kings 2:15, and secretly to his partisans (compare I Kings 1:10) announced his intention of assuming the sovereignty. It was well known to him, and perhaps to the Jews generally, that David intended to make Solomon his successor I Kings 1:13.
To run before him - That is, he assumed the same quasi-royal state as Absalom had done, when he contemplated rebellion II Samuel 15:1.
Other Barnes' Notes entries containing 1 Kings 1:5:
1 Kings 1:7
2 Chronicles 11:23
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