The meaning of Asshur in the Bible
(From Easton's Bible Dictionary)
second son of Shem (Genesis 10:22; I Chronicles 1:17). He went from the land of Shinar and built Nineveh, etc. (Genesis 10:11,12). He probably gave his name to Assyria, which is the usual translation of the word, although the form Asshur is sometimes retained (Numbers 24:22,24; Ezekiel 27:23, etc.). In Genesis 2:14 "Assyria" ought to be "Asshur," which was the original capital of Assyria, a city represented by the mounds of Kalah Sherghat, on the west bank of the Tigris. This city was founded by Bel-kap-kapu about BC 1700. At a later date the capital was shifted to Ninua, or Nineveh, now Koyunjik, on the eastern bank of the river. (See CALAH; NINEVEH .)
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