BibleTools

Definitions

 A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


The meaning of Adversary in the Bible
(From International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)

ad'-ver-sa-ri, ad'-ver-sa-ri: This word (in the singular or plural) is used in the Old Testament to render different Hebrew words. In thirty-two cases the word corresponds to the noun tsar, or the verb tsarar. This noun is the ordinary word for "foe" or "adversary." In twelve passages the Hebrew word, of which "adversary" is the translation, is saTan = noun or saTan = verb. This stem means "to oppose," or "thwart" anyone in his purpose or claims.

The angel of Yahweh was saTan to Balaam (Numbers 22:22). The word often denotes a political adversary (I Kings 11:14, I Kings 11:23, I Kings 11:25). In four cases (namely, Prologue to Job; Zechariah 3:1-2; I Chronicles 21:1; Psalms 109:6) the King James Version retains Satan as the rendering. But it is only in I Chronicles that the word is used without the article, that is, strictly as a proper name. The Septuagint gives diabolos, as the rendering, and both in Job and Zechariah, Satan is portrayed as the "false accuser." In two cases "adversary" represents two Hebrew expressions which mean the "opponent in a suit" or "controversy" (Job 31:35; Isaiah 50:8).

In the New Testament "adversary" represents: (1) antikeimenoi, the participle of a verb which means "to be set over against," "to be opposed" (Luke 13:17; Philippians 2:8). (2) antidikos, "opponent in a lawsuit," "prosecutor" (Matthew 5:25; Luke 12:58; Luke 18:3; I Peter 5:8). According to the last passage the devil is the "accuser" or "prosecutor" of believers, but according to another writer they have an "advocate" or "counselor for the defense" with the Father (I John 2:1). In one passage (Hebrews 10:27) "adversary" represents a Greek word, hupenantios, which means "set over against," "contrary to"—a word used in classical Greek and in the Septuagint.

Thomas Lewis


See more on the meaning of Adversary in the Bible:
Adversary {Easton's Bible Dictionary}

DISCLAIMER: Church of the Great God (CGG) provides these resources to aid the individual in studying the Bible. However, it is up to the individual to "prove all things, and hold fast to that which is good" (I Thessalonians 5:21). The content of these resources does not necessarily reflect the views of CGG. They are provided for information purposes only.




The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment

The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment

Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day.

Email Address:

   
Leave this field empty

We respect your privacy. Your email address will not be sold, distributed, rented, or in any way given out to a third party. We have nothing to sell. You may easily unsubscribe at any time.
 A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
©Copyright 1992-2018 Church of the Great God.   Contact C.G.G. if you have questions or comments.
Share this on FacebookGoogle+RedditEmailPrinter version
Close
E-mail This Page