Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #1849: exousia (pronounced ex-oo-see'-ah)

from 1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence:--authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases

1a) leave or permission

2) physical and mental power

2a) the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises

3) the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)

4) the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)

4a) universally

4a1) authority over mankind

4b) specifically

4b1) the power of judicial decisions

4b2) of authority to manage domestic affairs

4c) metonymically

4c1) a thing subject to authority or rule

4c1a) jurisdiction

4c2) one who possesses authority

4c2a) a ruler, a human magistrate

4c2b) the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates

4d) a sign of the husband' s authority over his wife

4d1) the veil with which propriety required a women to cover herself

4e) the sign of regal authority, a crown

Part of Speech: noun feminine

Relation: from G1832 (in the sense of ability)

Citing in TDNT: 2:562, 238


This word is used 104 times:

Matthew 7:29: "he taught them as one having authority, and not as"
Matthew 8:9: "am a man under authority, having soldiers under me:"
Matthew 9:6: "Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins,"
Matthew 9:8: "God, which had given such power unto men."
Matthew 10:1: "disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out,"
Matthew 21:23: "and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who"
Matthew 21:23: "gave thee this authority?"
Matthew 21:24: "you by what authority I do these things."
Matthew 21:27: "I you by what authority I do these things."
Matthew 28:18: "unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven"
Mark 1:22: "he taught them as one that had authority, and not as"
Mark 1:27: "is this? for with authority commandeth he even the unclean"
Mark 2:10: "Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins,"
Mark 3:15: "And to have power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils:"
Mark 6:7: "by two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits;"
Mark 11:28: "unto him, By what authority doest thou these things? and who"
Mark 11:28: "gave thee this authority to do these things?"
Mark 11:29: "I will tell you by what authority I do these things."
Mark 11:33: "tell you by what authority I do these things."
Mark 13:34: "house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man"
Luke 4:6: "unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the"
Luke 4:32: "word was with power."
Luke 4:36: "a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth"
Luke 5:24: "Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins,"
Luke 7:8: "a man set under authority, having under me soldiers,"
Luke 9:1: "he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over"
Luke 10:19: "Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and"
Luke 12:5: "Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea,"
Luke 12:11: "and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or"
Luke 19:17: "in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities."
Luke 20:2: "us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who"
Luke 20:2: "he that gave thee this authority?"
Luke 20:8: "you by what authority I do these things."
Luke 20:20: "unto the power and authority of the governor."
Luke 22:53: "your hour, and the power of darkness."
Luke 23:7: "that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to"
John 1:12: "him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe"
John 5:27: "And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because"
John 10:18: "lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and"
John 10:18: "power to lay it down, and I have power to take it"
John 17:2: "As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give"
John 19:10: "thee, and have power to release thee?"
John 19:10: "thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have"
John 19:10: "thee, and have power to release thee?"
John 19:11: "Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except"
Acts 1:7: "hath put in his own power."
Acts 5:4: "and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why"
Acts 8:19: "Give me also this power, that on whomsoever I lay"
Acts 9:14: "And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind"
Acts 26:10: "shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests; and"

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