Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #2198: zao (pronounced dzah'-o)

a primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively):--life(-time), (a-)live(-ly), quick.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) to live, breathe, be among the living (not lifeless, not dead)

2) to enjoy real life

2a) to have true life and worthy of the name

2b) active, blessed, endless in the kingdom of God

3) to live, i.e. pass life, in the manner of the living and acting

3a) of mortals or character

4) living water, having vital power in itself and exerting the same upon the soul

5) metaphorically to be in full vigour

5a) to be fresh, strong, efficient

5b) as adjective active, powerful, efficacious

Part of Speech: verb

Relation: a primary verb

Citing in TDNT: 2:832, 290


This word is used 142 times:

Matthew 4:4: "It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but"
Matthew 9:18: "hand upon her, and she shall live."
Matthew 16:16: "Christ, the Son of the living God."
Matthew 22:32: "the God of the dead, but of the living."
Matthew 26:63: "thee by the living God, that thou tell us"
Matthew 27:63: "deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again."
Mark 5:23: "on her, that she may be healed; and she shall live."
Mark 12:27: "of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err."
Mark 16:11: "And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her,"
Luke 2:36: "of Asher: she was of a great age, and had lived with"
Luke 4:4: "It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone,"
Luke 10:28: "this do, and thou shalt live."
Luke 15:13: "wasted his substance with riotous living."
Luke 20:38: "a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him."
Luke 20:38: "of the living: for all live unto him."
Luke 24:5: "Why seek ye the living among the dead?"
Luke 24:23: "which said that he was alive."
John 4:10: "of him, and he would have given thee living water."
John 4:11: "from whence then hast thou that living water?"
John 4:50: "Go thy way; thy son liveth. And the man believed"
John 4:51: "him, saying, Thy son liveth."
John 4:53: "unto him, Thy son liveth: and himself believed, and"
John 5:25: "of God: and they that hear shall live."
John 6:51: "I am the living bread which came down from heaven:"
John 6:51: "of this bread, he shall live forever: and the"
John 6:57: "As the living Father hath sent me, and I live"
John 6:57: "hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so"
John 6:57: "he that eateth me, even he shall live by me."
John 6:58: "he that eateth of this bread shall live forever."
John 6:69: "the Son of the living God."
John 7:38: "belly shall flow rivers of living water."
John 11:25: "me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:"
John 11:26: "And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never"
John 14:19: "me: because I live, ye shall live also."
John 14:19: "I live, ye shall live also."
Acts 1:3: "also he showed himself alive after his passion by many"
Acts 7:38: "fathers: who received the lively oracles to give"
Acts 9:41: "and widows, presented her alive."
Acts 10:42: "of God to be the Judge of quick and dead."
Acts 14:15: "vanities unto the living God, which made heaven,"
Acts 17:28: "For in him we live, and move, and have our being;"
Acts 20:12: "they brought the young man alive, and were not a little comforted."
Acts 22:22: "earth: for it is not fit that he should live."
Acts 25:19: "whom Paul affirmed to be alive."
Acts 25:24: "that he ought not to live any longer."
Acts 26:5: "sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee."
Acts 28:4: "yet vengeance suffereth not to live."
Romans 1:17: "as it is written. The just shall live by faith."
Romans 6:2: "How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?"
Romans 6:10: "once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God."

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