Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #4151: pneuma (pronounced pnyoo'-mah)

from 4154; a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit:--ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son

1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the \\\\Holy\\\\ Spirit)

1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of \\\\Truth\\\\)

1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force

2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated

2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides

2b) the soul

3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting

3a) a life giving spirit

3b) a human soul that has left the body

3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel

3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men

3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ

4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one

4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.

5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)

5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself

5b) breath of nostrils or mouth

Part of Speech: noun neuter

Relation: from G4154

Citing in TDNT: 6:332, 876


This word is used 385 times:

Matthew 1:18: "she was found with child of the Holy Ghost."
Matthew 1:20: "is of the Holy Ghost."
Matthew 3:11: "you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire:"
Matthew 3:16: "and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove,"
Matthew 4:1: "led up of the spirit into the wilderness to be tempted"
Matthew 5:3: "Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the"
Matthew 8:16: "and he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all"
Matthew 10:1: "them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and"
Matthew 10:20: "that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in"
Matthew 12:18: "is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall show"
Matthew 12:28: "cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom"
Matthew 12:31: "but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men."
Matthew 12:32: "whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven"
Matthew 12:43: "When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh"
Matthew 12:45: "himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in"
Matthew 22:43: "then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,"
Matthew 26:41: "into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the"
Matthew 27:50: "voice, yielded up the ghost."
Matthew 28:19: "and of the Holy Ghost:"
Mark 1:8: "you with the Holy Ghost."
Mark 1:10: "opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon"
Mark 1:12: "And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the"
Mark 1:23: "a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,"
Mark 1:26: "And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried"
Mark 1:27: "he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him."
Mark 2:8: "when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within"
Mark 3:11: "And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him,"
Mark 3:29: "that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness,"
Mark 3:30: "they said, He hath an unclean spirit."
Mark 5:2: "a man with an unclean spirit,"
Mark 5:8: "the man, thou unclean spirit."
Mark 5:13: "gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered"
Mark 6:7: "and gave them power over unclean spirits;"
Mark 7:25: "young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came"
Mark 8:12: "And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and saith, Why doth this"
Mark 9:17: "son, which hath a dumb spirit;"
Mark 9:20: "him, straightway the spirit tore him; and he fell on"
Mark 9:25: "he rebuked the foul spirit, saying unto him, Thou dumb and"
Mark 9:25: "Thou dumb and deaf spirit, I charge thee, come"
Mark 12:36: "by the Holy Ghost, the LORD said to my"
Mark 13:11: "ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost."
Mark 14:38: "into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the"
Luke 1:15: "and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's"
Luke 1:17: "shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn"
Luke 1:35: "and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and"
Luke 1:41: "Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost:"
Luke 1:47: "And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Savior."
Luke 1:67: "Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying,"
Luke 1:80: "grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the"
Luke 2:25: "of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him."

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