Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #2398: chata' (pronounced khaw-taw')

a primitive root; properly, to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn:--bear the blame, cleanse, commit (sin), by fault, harm he hath done, loss, miss, (make) offend(-er), offer for sin, purge, purify (self), make reconciliation, (cause, make) sin(-ful, -ness), trespass.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon:


1) to sin, miss, miss the way, go wrong, incur guilt, forfeit, purify from uncleanness

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to miss

1a2) to sin, miss the goal or path of right and duty

1a3) to incur guilt, incur penalty by sin, forfeit

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to bear loss

1b2) to make a sin-offering

1b3) to purify from sin

1b4) to purify from uncleanness

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to miss the mark

1c2) to induce to sin, cause to sin

1c3) to bring into guilt or condemnation or punishment

1d) (Hithpael)

1d1) to miss oneself, lose oneself, wander from the way

1d2) to purify oneself from uncleanness

Part of Speech: verb

Relation: a primitive root


This word is used 238 times:

Genesis 20:6: "for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered"
Genesis 20:9: "unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on"
Genesis 31:39: "not unto thee; I bore the loss of it; of my hand didst thou require it, whether stolen"
Genesis 39:9: "then can I do great wickedness, and sin against God?"
Genesis 40:1: "of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt."
Genesis 42:22: "unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold,"
Genesis 43:9: "him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame forever:"
Genesis 44:32: "If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father forever."
Exodus 5:16: "and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people."
Exodus 9:27: "and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I"
Exodus 9:34: "and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he"
Exodus 10:16: "and Aaron in haste; and he said, I have sinned against the LORD your God,"
Exodus 20:20: "may be before that ye sin not."
Exodus 23:33: "dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve"
Exodus 29:36: "for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for"
Exodus 32:30: "said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now"
Exodus 32:31: "Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods"
Exodus 32:33: "unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book."
Leviticus 4:2: "saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments"
Leviticus 4:3: "If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him bring for"
Leviticus 4:3: "for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish"
Leviticus 4:14: "When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young"
Leviticus 4:22: "When a ruler hath sinned, and done somewhat through ignorance against any of"
Leviticus 4:23: "Or if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, come to his knowledge; he shall bring"
Leviticus 4:27: "any one of the common people sin through ignorance, while he doeth"
Leviticus 4:28: "Or if his sin, which he hath sinned, come to his knowledge: then he shall bring his offering,"
Leviticus 4:28: "without blemish, for his sin which he hath sinned."
Leviticus 4:35: "shall make an atonement for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be forgiven"
Leviticus 5:1: "And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether"
Leviticus 5:5: "of these things, that he shall confess that he hath sinned in"
Leviticus 5:6: "for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb"
Leviticus 5:7: "a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves,"
Leviticus 5:10: "for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven"
Leviticus 5:11: "two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering"
Leviticus 5:13: "him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these,"
Leviticus 5:15: "a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD;"
Leviticus 5:16: "And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto,"
Leviticus 5:17: "And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which"
Leviticus 6:2: "If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbor"
Leviticus 6:3: "of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein:"
Leviticus 6:4: "Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which"
Leviticus 6:26: "The priest that offereth it for sin shall eat it: in the holy place shall it be eaten, in the court"
Leviticus 8:15: "of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured"
Leviticus 9:15: "was the sin offering for the people, and slew it, and offered it for sin, as the first."
Leviticus 14:49: "And he shall take to cleanse the house two birds, and cedar wood,"
Leviticus 14:52: " And he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living"
Leviticus 19:22: "for his sin which he hath done: and the sin which he hath done"
Leviticus 19:22: "he hath done: and the sin which he hath done shall be forgiven"
Numbers 6:11: "and make an atonement for him, for that he sinned by the dead, and shall hallow"
Numbers 8:21: "And the Levites were purified, and they washed their clothes; and Aaron offered them as an offering before"

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