Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #6031: `anah (pronounced aw-naw')

a primitive root (possibly rather ident. with 6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):--abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for 6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for 6030), speak (by mistake for 6030), submit self, weaken, X in any wise.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon:


1) (Qal) to be occupied, be busied with

2) to afflict, oppress, humble, be afflicted, be bowed down

2a) (Qal)

2a1) to be put down, become low

2a2) to be depressed, be downcast

2a3) to be afflicted

2a4) to stoop

2b) (Niphal)

2b1) to humble oneself, bow down

2b2) to be afflicted, be humbled

2c) (Piel)

2c1) to humble, mishandle, afflict

2c2) to humble, be humiliated

2c3) to afflict

2d4) to humble, weaken oneself

2d) (Pual)

2d1) to be afflicted

2d2) to be humbled

2e) (Hiphil) to afflict

2f) (Hithpael)

2f1) to humble oneself

2f2) to be afflicted

Part of Speech: verb

Relation: a primitive root [possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating]

Same Word by TWOT Number: 1651, 1652


This word is used 83 times:

Genesis 15:13: "a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;"
Genesis 16:6: "do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face."
Genesis 16:9: "unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands."
Genesis 31:50: "If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside"
Genesis 34:2: "saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled"
Exodus 1:11: "over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh"
Exodus 1:12: "But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because"
Exodus 10:3: "of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before me? let my people"
Exodus 22:22: "Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child."
Exodus 22:23: "If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto"
Exodus 22:23: "If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto"
Exodus 32:18: "of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear."
Leviticus 16:29: "month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no"
Leviticus 16:31: "It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute forever."
Leviticus 23:27: "it shall be a holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire"
Leviticus 23:29: "soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off"
Leviticus 23:32: "It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month"
Numbers 24:24: "And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber,"
Numbers 24:24: "shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also"
Numbers 29:7: "month a holy convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls: ye shall not do"
Numbers 30:13: "and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband"
Deuteronomy 8:2: "years in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to prove thee, to know what"
Deuteronomy 8:3: " And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not,"
Deuteronomy 8:16: "knew not, that he might humble thee, and that he might prove thee, to do thee good at thy latter end;"
Deuteronomy 21:14: "sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled"
Deuteronomy 22:24: "because she cried not, being in the city; and the man, because"
Deuteronomy 22:29: "and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away"
Deuteronomy 26:6: "And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage:"
Judges 16:5: "lieth, and by what means we may prevail against him, that we may bind him to afflict him: and we will give thee every one of us eleven hundred"
Judges 16:6: "strength lieth, and wherewith thou mightest be bound to afflict"
Judges 16:19: "locks of his head; and she began to afflict him, and his strength went from"
Judges 19:24: "and his concubine; them I will bring out now, and humble ye them, and do with them what seemeth good unto you: but unto this"
Judges 20:5: "upon me by night, and thought to have slain me: and my concubine have they forced, that she is dead."
2 Samuel 7:10: "neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as formerly,"
2 Samuel 13:12: "him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done"
2 Samuel 13:14: "hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with"
2 Samuel 13:22: "hated Amnon, because he had forced"
2 Samuel 13:32: "this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar."
1 Kings 2:26: "David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted."
1 Kings 2:26: "in all wherein my father was afflicted."
1 Kings 8:35: "and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest"
1 Kings 11:39: "And I will for this afflict the seed of David, but not"
2 Kings 17:20: "all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until"
2 Chronicles 6:26: "and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict"
Ezra 8:21: "at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of"
Job 30:11: "Because he hath loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let loose the bridle before"
Job 37:23: "and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict."
Psalms 35:13: "when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned"
Psalms 55:19: "God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no"
Psalms 88:1: "to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite. O LORD"

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