Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #8104: shamar (pronounced shaw-mar')

a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.:--beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon:



1) to keep, guard, observe, give heed

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to keep, have charge of

1a2) to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life

1a2a) watch, watchman (participle)

1a3) to watch for, wait for

1a4) to watch, observe

1a5) to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)

1a6) to keep (within bounds), restrain

1a7) to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)

1a8) to keep, preserve, protect

1a9) to keep, reserve

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be on one' s guard, take heed, take care, beware

1b2) to keep oneself, refrain, abstain

1b3) to be kept, be guarded

1c) (Piel) to keep, pay heed

1d) (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

Part of Speech: verb

Relation: a primitive root


This word is used 468 times:

Genesis 2:15: "him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep"
Genesis 3:24: "Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree"
Genesis 4:9: "not: Am I my brother's keeper?"
Genesis 17:9: "unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed"
Genesis 17:10: "This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every"
Genesis 18:19: "his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do"
Genesis 24:6: "And Abraham said unto him, Beware thou that thou bring not my son"
Genesis 26:5: "Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws."
Genesis 28:15: "And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again"
Genesis 28:20: "God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I"
Genesis 30:31: "thing for me, I will again feed and keep thy flock:"
Genesis 31:24: "in a dream by night, and said unto him, Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob"
Genesis 31:29: "unto me last night, saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob"
Genesis 37:11: "And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying."
Genesis 41:35: "under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities."
Exodus 10:28: "said unto him, Get thee from me, take heed to thyself, see my face no"
Exodus 12:17: " And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out"
Exodus 12:17: "have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe"
Exodus 12:24: " And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons forever."
Exodus 12:25: "will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service."
Exodus 13:10: " Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year."
Exodus 15:26: "that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put"
Exodus 16:28: "Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws?"
Exodus 19:5: "Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant,"
Exodus 19:12: "unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border"
Exodus 20:6: "mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments."
Exodus 21:29: "in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man"
Exodus 21:36: "in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay"
Exodus 22:7: "money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house;"
Exodus 22:10: "a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or"
Exodus 23:13: "things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other"
Exodus 23:15: " Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days,"
Exodus 23:20: "send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place"
Exodus 23:21: " Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for"
Exodus 31:13: "Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between"
Exodus 31:14: " Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death:"
Exodus 31:16: "Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath"
Exodus 34:11: " Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out"
Exodus 34:12: " Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither"
Exodus 34:18: "The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread,"
Leviticus 8:35: "and night seven days, and keep the charge of the LORD, that ye die"
Leviticus 18:4: "Ye shall do my judgments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk therein: I am the LORD"
Leviticus 18:5: " Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live"
Leviticus 18:26: "Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and my judgments, and shall not commit any of these"
Leviticus 18:30: " Therefore shall ye keep mine ordinance, that ye commit not any one of these abominable customs,"
Leviticus 19:3: "every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God."
Leviticus 19:19: " Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle engender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not"
Leviticus 19:30: " Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD."
Leviticus 19:37: " Therefore shall ye observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: I"
Leviticus 20:8: " And ye shall keep my statutes, and do them: I am the LORD which sanctify"

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