Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #8199: shaphat (pronounced shaw-fat')

a primitive root; to judge, i.e. pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication, to vindicate or punish; by extenssion, to govern; passively, to litigate (literally or figuratively):--+ avenge, X that condemn, contend, defend, execute (judgment), (be a) judge(-ment), X needs, plead, reason, rule.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon:



1) to judge, govern, vindicate, punish

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to act as law-giver or judge or governor (of God, man)

1a1a) to rule, govern, judge

1a2) to decide controversy (of God, man)

1a3) to execute judgment

1a3a) discriminating (of man)

1a3b) vindicating

1a3c) condemning and punishing

1a3d) at theophanic advent for final judgment

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to enter into controversy, plead, have controversy together

1b2) to be judged

1c) (Poel) judge, opponent-at-law (participle)

Part of Speech: verb

Relation: a primitive root


This word is used 203 times:

Genesis 16:5: "I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between"
Genesis 18:25: "should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do"
Genesis 19:9: "again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than"
Genesis 19:9: "again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than"
Genesis 31:53: "of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us. And Jacob swore by the fear"
Exodus 2:14: "Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill"
Exodus 5:21: "them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savor to be abhorred"
Exodus 18:13: "on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people"
Exodus 18:16: "a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them known"
Exodus 18:22: " And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great"
Exodus 18:22: "small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear"
Exodus 18:26: " And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes"
Exodus 18:26: "but every small matter they judged themselves."
Leviticus 19:15: "the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbor."
Numbers 25:5: "And Moses said unto the judges of Israel, Slay ye every one his men"
Numbers 35:24: "Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the revenger of blood according to these"
Deuteronomy 1:16: "And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between"
Deuteronomy 1:16: "Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother,"
Deuteronomy 16:18: " Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God"
Deuteronomy 16:18: "thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment."
Deuteronomy 17:9: "the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days,"
Deuteronomy 17:12: "thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away"
Deuteronomy 19:17: "the LORD, before the priests and the judges, which shall be in those days;"
Deuteronomy 19:18: " And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified"
Deuteronomy 21:2: "Then thy elders and thy judges shall come forth, and they shall measure unto the cities which are round about"
Deuteronomy 25:1: "and they come unto judgment, that the judges may judge them; then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn"
Deuteronomy 25:2: "if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face,"
Joshua 8:33: "Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark"
Joshua 23:2: "Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I"
Joshua 24:1: "for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God."
Judges 2:16: "Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled"
Judges 2:17: "they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other"
Judges 2:18: "And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge,"
Judges 2:18: "then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies"
Judges 2:18: "them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD"
Judges 2:19: "And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following"
Judges 3:10: "of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war:"
Judges 4:4: "a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that"
Judges 10:2: " And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried"
Judges 10:3: "him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two"
Judges 11:27: "me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children"
Judges 11:27: "to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel"
Judges 12:7: "And Jephthah judged Israel six years. Then died Jephthah"
Judges 12:8: "And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel."
Judges 12:9: "from abroad for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years."
Judges 12:11: "And after him Elon, a Zebulonite, judged Israel; and he judged"
Judges 12:11: "judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years."
Judges 12:13: "the son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, judged Israel."
Judges 12:14: "that rode on threescore and ten ass colts: and he judged Israel eight"
Judges 15:20: " And he judged Israel in the days of the Philistines twenty years."

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