The meaning of Against in the Bible
(From International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)

a-genst' (kata; enantion; pros): Preposition expressing contrast. When used of direction, equivalent to "toward" (Matthew 10:35; Matthew 12:14, etc.); when of position, meaning "opposite," "facing," "in front of" (I Kings 7:5; Genesis 15:10, Romans 8:31); when of action, "opposed to" (Matthew 5:11; Matthew 26:59; I Corinthians 4:6); "in resistance to" (Hebrews 12:4); "provision for" (Greek eis, literally, "unto, toward" (I Timothy 6:19). Sometimes also applied to what breaks an established order as "customs" (Acts 28:17), "nature" (Romans 1:26). Peculiar shades of meaning may be traced by careful examination of the variety of prepositions in Hebrew and Greek employed in the Scriptures, that are translated into English by this one word.

H. E. Jacobs


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