Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #4151: pneuma (pronounced pnyoo'-mah)

from 4154; a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit:--ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son

1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the \\\\Holy\\\\ Spirit)

1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of \\\\Truth\\\\)

1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force

2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated

2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides

2b) the soul

3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting

3a) a life giving spirit

3b) a human soul that has left the body

3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel

3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men

3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ

4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one

4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.

5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)

5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself

5b) breath of nostrils or mouth

Part of Speech: noun neuter

Relation: from G4154

Citing in TDNT: 6:332, 876


This word is used 385 times:

John 15:26: "the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from"
John 16:13: "when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you"
John 19:30: "his head, and gave up the ghost."
John 20:22: "unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:"
Acts 1:2: "he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom"
Acts 1:5: "shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence."
Acts 1:8: "power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and"
Acts 1:16: "which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before"
Acts 2:4: "they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other"
Acts 2:4: "tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."
Acts 2:17: "I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and"
Acts 2:18: "days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:"
Acts 2:33: "promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye"
Acts 2:38: "gift of the Holy Ghost."
Acts 4:8: "Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers"
Acts 4:31: "and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the"
Acts 5:3: "to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the"
Acts 5:9: "have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet"
Acts 5:16: "them which were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed every one."
Acts 5:32: "so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey"
Acts 6:3: "of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint"
Acts 6:5: "of faith and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip,"
Acts 6:10: "the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake."
Acts 7:51: "resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so"
Acts 7:55: "he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up steadfastly into heaven, and saw"
Acts 7:59: "Jesus, receive my spirit."
Acts 8:7: "For unclean spirits, crying with loud voice, came out of many"
Acts 8:15: "that they might receive the Holy Ghost:"
Acts 8:17: "and they received the Holy Ghost."
Acts 8:18: "hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money,"
Acts 8:19: "I lay hands, he may receive the Holy Ghost."
Acts 8:29: "Then the Spirit said unto Philip, Go near, and join thyself"
Acts 8:39: "out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip, that"
Acts 9:17: "as thou camest, hath sent me, that"
Acts 9:17: "as thou camest, hath sent me, that"
Acts 9:31: "comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied."
Acts 10:19: "the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three"
Acts 10:38: "of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about"
Acts 10:44: "words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard"
Acts 10:45: "was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost."
Acts 10:47: "have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?"
Acts 11:12: "And the Spirit bade me go with them, nothing"
Acts 11:15: "to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as"
Acts 11:16: "shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost."
Acts 11:24: "and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much"
Acts 11:28: "and signified by the spirit that there should be great dearth"
Acts 13:2: "fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me"
Acts 13:4: "by the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and"
Acts 13:9: "is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him,"
Acts 13:52: "with joy, and with the Holy Ghost."

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