Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #4151: pneuma (pronounced pnyoo'-mah)

from 4154; a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit:--ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son

1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the \\\\Holy\\\\ Spirit)

1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of \\\\Truth\\\\)

1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force

2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated

2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides

2b) the soul

3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting

3a) a life giving spirit

3b) a human soul that has left the body

3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel

3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men

3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ

4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one

4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.

5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)

5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself

5b) breath of nostrils or mouth

Part of Speech: noun neuter

Relation: from G4154

Citing in TDNT: 6:332, 876


This word is used 385 times:

Acts 15:8: "giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us;"
Acts 15:28: "it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you"
Acts 16:6: "of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in"
Acts 16:7: "Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not."
Acts 16:16: "a certain damsel possessed with a spirit of divination met us, which"
Acts 16:18: "and said to the spirit, I command thee in the"
Acts 17:16: "at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw"
Acts 18:5: "Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus"
Acts 18:25: "and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently"
Acts 19:2: "Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said"
Acts 19:2: "heard whether there be any Holy Ghost."
Acts 19:6: "upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and"
Acts 19:12: "and the evil spirits went out of them."
Acts 19:13: "over them which had evil spirits the name of the Lord"
Acts 19:15: "And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know,"
Acts 19:16: "whom the evil spirit was leaped on them,"
Acts 19:21: "purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia,"
Acts 20:22: "go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing"
Acts 20:23: "that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying"
Acts 20:28: "the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed"
Acts 21:4: "to Paul through the Spirit, that he should not go up to Jerusalem."
Acts 21:11: "saith the Holy Ghost, So shall the Jews at"
Acts 23:8: "neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both."
Acts 23:9: "man: but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken to him,"
Acts 28:25: "Well spake the Holy Ghost by Isaiah the"
Romans 1:4: "with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:"
Romans 1:9: "I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his"
Romans 2:29: "and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose"
Romans 5:5: "our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us."
Romans 7:6: "we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness"
Romans 8:1: "the flesh, but after the Spirit."
Romans 8:2: "the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus"
Romans 8:4: "the flesh, but after the Spirit."
Romans 8:5: "but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit."
Romans 8:5: "the Spirit the things of the Spirit."
Romans 8:6: "minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace."
Romans 8:9: "the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell"
Romans 8:9: "in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you."
Romans 8:9: "if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none"
Romans 8:10: "of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness."
Romans 8:11: "But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead"
Romans 8:11: "bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you."
Romans 8:13: "die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the"
Romans 8:14: "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons"
Romans 8:15: "For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear;"
Romans 8:15: "fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry,"
Romans 8:16: "The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are"
Romans 8:16: "itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:"
Romans 8:23: "the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan"
Romans 8:26: "Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities:"

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