Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #4151: pneuma (pronounced pnyoo'-mah)

from 4154; a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit:--ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son

1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the \\\\Holy\\\\ Spirit)

1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of \\\\Truth\\\\)

1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force

2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated

2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides

2b) the soul

3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting

3a) a life giving spirit

3b) a human soul that has left the body

3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel

3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men

3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ

4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one

4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.

5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)

5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself

5b) breath of nostrils or mouth

Part of Speech: noun neuter

Relation: from G4154

Citing in TDNT: 6:332, 876


This word is used 385 times:

Romans 8:26: "we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us"
Romans 8:27: "is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints"
Romans 9:1: "also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,"
Romans 11:8: "God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see,"
Romans 12:11: "slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;"
Romans 14:17: "joy in the Holy Ghost."
Romans 15:13: "through the power of the Holy Ghost."
Romans 15:16: "being sanctified by the Holy Ghost."
Romans 15:19: "wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem,"
Romans 15:30: "for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit,"
1 Corinthians 2:4: "but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:"
1 Corinthians 2:10: "them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth"
1 Corinthians 2:10: "Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the"
1 Corinthians 2:11: "of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him?"
1 Corinthians 2:11: "no man, but the Spirit of God."
1 Corinthians 2:12: "have received, not the spirit of the world, but the"
1 Corinthians 2:12: "world, but the Spirit which is of God; that"
1 Corinthians 2:13: "but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual."
1 Corinthians 2:14: "not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness"
1 Corinthians 3:16: "of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?"
1 Corinthians 4:21: "in love, and in the spirit of meekness?"
1 Corinthians 5:3: "in body, but present in spirit, have judged already, as though I were present,"
1 Corinthians 5:4: "are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our"
1 Corinthians 5:5: "flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day"
1 Corinthians 6:11: "and by the Spirit of our God."
1 Corinthians 6:17: "Lord is one spirit."
1 Corinthians 6:19: "the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have"
1 Corinthians 6:20: "and in your spirit, which are God's."
1 Corinthians 7:34: "both in body and in spirit: but she that is married careth for the things"
1 Corinthians 7:40: "I think also that I have the Spirit of God."
1 Corinthians 12:3: "that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus"
1 Corinthians 12:3: "is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost."
1 Corinthians 12:4: "but the same Spirit."
1 Corinthians 12:7: "the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit"
1 Corinthians 12:8: "to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to"
1 Corinthians 12:8: "of knowledge by the same Spirit;"
1 Corinthians 12:9: "by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing"
1 Corinthians 12:9: "by the same Spirit;"
1 Corinthians 12:10: "to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues;"
1 Corinthians 12:11: "and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as"
1 Corinthians 12:13: "For by one Spirit are we all baptized into"
1 Corinthians 12:13: "made to drink into one Spirit."
1 Corinthians 14:2: "no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries."
1 Corinthians 14:12: "forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to"
1 Corinthians 14:14: "I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding"
1 Corinthians 14:15: "it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding"
1 Corinthians 14:15: "also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding"
1 Corinthians 14:16: "when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room"
1 Corinthians 14:32: "And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets."
1 Corinthians 15:45: "Adam was made a quickening spirit."

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