Greek/Hebrew Definitions

Strong's #4151: pneuma (pronounced pnyoo'-mah)

from 4154; a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit:--ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.

Thayer's Greek Lexicon:



1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son

1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the \\\\Holy\\\\ Spirit)

1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of \\\\Truth\\\\)

1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force

2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated

2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides

2b) the soul

3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting

3a) a life giving spirit

3b) a human soul that has left the body

3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel

3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men

3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ

4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one

4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.

5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)

5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself

5b) breath of nostrils or mouth

Part of Speech: noun neuter

Relation: from G4154

Citing in TDNT: 6:332, 876


This word is used 385 times:

Ephesians 6:18: "all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching"
Philippians 1:19: "and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,"
Philippians 1:27: "that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together"
Philippians 2:1: "comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and"
Philippians 3:3: "circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ"
Colossians 1:8: "your love in the Spirit."
Colossians 2:5: "am I with you in the spirit, joying and beholding"
1 Thessalonians 1:5: "and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance;"
1 Thessalonians 1:6: "with joy of the Holy Ghost:"
1 Thessalonians 4:8: "who hath also given unto us his Holy Spirit."
1 Thessalonians 5:19: "Quench not the Spirit."
1 Thessalonians 5:23: "and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body"
2 Thessalonians 2:2: "be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor"
2 Thessalonians 2:8: "Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy"
2 Thessalonians 2:13: "salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:"
1 Timothy 3:16: "the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto"
1 Timothy 4:1: "Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter"
1 Timothy 4:1: "faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;"
1 Timothy 4:12: "in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity."
2 Timothy 1:7: "hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and"
2 Timothy 1:14: "keep by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us."
2 Timothy 4:22: "Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen."
Titus 3:5: "and renewing of the Holy Ghost;"
Philemon 1:25: "Christ be with your spirit. Amen."
Hebrews 1:7: "of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his"
Hebrews 1:14: "they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for"
Hebrews 2:4: "and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?"
Hebrews 3:7: "(as the Holy Ghost saith, Today if ye will hear"
Hebrews 4:12: "of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow,"
Hebrews 6:4: "and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,"
Hebrews 9:8: "The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the"
Hebrews 9:14: "who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God,"
Hebrews 10:15: "Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for"
Hebrews 10:29: "an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?"
Hebrews 12:9: "be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?"
Hebrews 12:23: "the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,"
James 2:26: "the body without the spirit is dead, so faith"
James 4:5: "saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us"
1 Peter 1:2: "the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling"
1 Peter 1:11: "what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify,"
1 Peter 1:12: "unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things"
1 Peter 1:22: "the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love"
1 Peter 3:4: "even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God"
1 Peter 3:18: "but quickened by the Spirit:"
1 Peter 3:19: "he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;"
1 Peter 4:6: "live according to God in the spirit."
1 Peter 4:14: "happy are ye; for the Spirit of glory and of God resteth"
2 Peter 1:21: "as they were moved by the Holy Ghost."
1 John 3:24: "in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us."
1 John 4:1: "believe not every spirit, but try the spirits"

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