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Greek/Hebrew Definitions



Strong's #4151: pneuma (pronounced pnyoo'-mah)

from 4154; a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit:--ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.




Thayer's Greek Lexicon:

͂

pneuma

1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son

1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the \\\\Holy\\\\ Spirit)

1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of \\\\Truth\\\\)

1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force

2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated

2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides

2b) the soul

3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting

3a) a life giving spirit

3b) a human soul that has left the body

3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel

3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men

3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ

4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one

4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.

5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)

5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself

5b) breath of nostrils or mouth

Part of Speech: noun neuter

Relation: from G4154

Citing in TDNT: 6:332, 876




Usage:

This word is used 385 times:

1 John 4:1: "but try the spirits whether they are of God:"
1 John 4:2: "Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit"
1 John 4:2: "ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus"
1 John 4:3: "And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ"
1 John 4:6: "Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the"
1 John 4:6: "spirit of truth, and the spirit of error."
1 John 4:13: "he hath given us of his Spirit."
1 John 5:6: "And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit"
1 John 5:6: "that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth."
1 John 5:8: "water, and the blood: and these three agree in"
Jude 1:19: "sensual, having not the Spirit."
Jude 1:20: "praying in the Holy Ghost,"
Revelation 1:4: "from the seven Spirits which are before his"
Revelation 1:10: "I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and"
Revelation 2:7: "let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him"
Revelation 2:11: "let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh"
Revelation 2:17: "let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him"
Revelation 2:29: "let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches."
Revelation 3:1: "he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven"
Revelation 3:6: "let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches."
Revelation 3:13: "let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches."
Revelation 3:22: "let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches."
Revelation 4:2: "immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set"
Revelation 4:5: "are the seven Spirits of God."
Revelation 5:6: "are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all"
Revelation 11:11: "days and a half the Spirit of life from God entered"
Revelation 13:15: "And he had power to give life unto the image of the"
Revelation 14:13: "Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their"
Revelation 16:13: "I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the"
Revelation 16:14: "For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth"
Revelation 17:3: "So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and"
Revelation 18:2: "and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every"
Revelation 19:10: "testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy."
Revelation 21:10: "And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and"
Revelation 22:17: "And the Spirit and the bride say, Come."









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